Human Resource Management

Achievement Theory of Motivation

Achievement Motivation Theory is one of the famous works of American psychologist David Clarence McClelland. This theory is also widely recognized as Need Achievement Theory, Need Theory and Three Needs Theory. McClelland being influenced by Henry Murray’s initiatives developed this theory in the early 60s.

Equity theory of motivation


Developed by the behavioral and workplace psychologist, John Stacy Adams, Equity Theory of Motivation is one of the justice theories explaining the correlation between input and outcome of performance of employee at job with his/her perception of equitable or inequitable behavior from the employers.

ERG Theory of Motivation

ERG theory of motivation is the condensed form of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. The theory was developed by Clayton Paul Alderfer, an American psychologist and consultant, between the 60s and the 70s, based on the empirical study conducted at a factory in Easton, Pennsylvania.

Performance Appraisal Methods

Performance appraisal is the technique of appraising employees. Under this method, performance of employees are at first documented then evaluated with the mutually set performance standards.

Companies have been practicing various methods of appraising employee performance, among which some popular ones are described below.

Purposes of Performance Appraisal

Performance appraisal is evaluating an employee’s current and/or past performance relative to his or her performance standard. 

– Gary Dessler

Performance appraisal is the systematic evaluation of employees with respect to their performance on their job and their potential for development. In other words, it is the process of measuring productivity in terms of efficiency and effectiveness.