## Price Elasticity of Demand: Definition, Types with Examples

Elasticity of demand refers to price elasticity of demand. It is the degree of responsiveness of quantity demanded of a commodity due to change in price, other things remaining the same. Mathematical Expression of Price Elasticity of Demand The price elasticity of demand is defined as the percentage change in quantity demanded due to certain … Read more

## Measuring Price Elasticity of Demand: Percentage, Total Outlay, Point and Arc Methods

What is price elasticity of demand? Price elasticity of demand is a measure of the degree of change in demand of a commodity to the change in price of that commodity. In other words, price elasticity of demand is the rate of change in quantity demanded in response to the change in the price. It … Read more

## Measuring Income Elasticity of Demand: Percentage, Point and Arc Methods

Income elasticity of demand is the measure of degree of change in quantity demanded for a commodity in response to the change in income of the consumers demanding the commodity. In simple words, it can be defined as the change in demand as a result of change in income of the consumers. Often referred to … Read more

## Law of Supply : Assumptions, Exceptions and Limitations

The law of supply states that, other things remaining the same, the quantity supplied of a commodity is directly or positively related to its price. In other words, when there is a rise in the price of a commodity the quantity supplied of it in the market increases and when there is a fall in … Read more

## Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility: Assumptions and Exceptions

The law of diminishing marginal utility was first propounded by 19th century German economist H.H. Gossen which explains the behavior of the consumers and the basic tendency of human nature. Hence, this law is also known as Gossen’s First Law. This was further modified by Marshall. According to Marshall, The additional benefit a person derives … Read more

## Law of Demand: Assumptions, Exceptions and Limitations

The law of demand states that, other things remaining the same, the quantity demanded of a commodity is inversely related to its price. It is one of the important laws of economics which was firstly propounded by neo-classical economist, Alfred Marshall. Other things remaining the same, the amount demanded increases with a fall in price … Read more

## Isoquants: Meaning, Assumptions and Properties

Meaning The term ‘isoquant’ is composed of two terms ‘iso’ and ‘quant’. Iso is a Greek word which means equal and quant is a Latin word which means quantity. Therefore, these words together refer to equal quantity or equal product. An isoquant curve is the representation of a set of locus of different combinations of … Read more

## Introduction to Microeconomics

Microeconomics is composed of two words – micro and economics. Micro is derived from the Greek word ‘mikros’ which means ‘small’ and economics is the branch of knowledge which studies about the production, consumption, and transfer of wealth incurred during the trade. The term microeconomics was first coined by Ragner Frich in the year 1993. … Read more

## Indifference Curve Analysis: Concept, Assumption and Properties

In microeconomics, indifference curve is an important tool of analysis in the study of consumer behavior. The concept of indifference curve analysis was first propounded by British economist Francis Ysidro Edgeworth and was put into use by Italian economist Vilfredo Pareto during the early 20th century. However, it was brought into extensive use by economists … Read more

## Income Elasticity of Demand: Definition and Types with Examples

Income elasticity of demand is the degree of responsiveness of quantity demanded of a commodity due to change in consumer’s income, other things remaining constant. In other words, it measures by how much the quantity demanded changes with respect ot the change in income. The income elasticity of demand is defined as the percentage change … Read more